Morton, William Thomas Green

Morton, William Thomas Green
SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology
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b. 1819 Charlton, Massachusetts, USA
d. 1868 New York, USA
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American dentist, pioneer of inhalation anaesthesia using ether.
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He received his dental training at Baltimore College of Dental Surgery and by 1842 was in a short-lived partnership with Horace Wells. Following the latter's successful dental anaesthesia using nitrous oxide in 1844 and his later failures of general anaesthesia, Morton embarked on a period of medical training at Massachusetts Medical College. The use of ether had been suggested by an acquaintance, Charles Jackson, a chemist and geologist, and in 1846 Morton commenced his investigations with a dog, himself and two assistants as subjects. The first major operation under ether general anaesthesia was performed at the Massachusetts General Hospital in October 1846. The technique speedily gained widespread acceptance in America and Europe. Morton's later life was bedevilled by prolonged acrimony over the question of priority of the discovery.
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Bibliography
1847, Remarks on the Proper Mode of Administering Sulphuric Ether by Inhalation, Boston.
Further Reading
W.J.Morton, 1905, Memoranda Relating to the Discovery of Surgical Anaesthesia.
B.M.Duncum, 1947, Development of Inhalational Anaesthesia.
MG

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

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  • Morton,William Thomas Green — Morton, William Thomas Green. 1819 1868. American dentist who demonstrated the use of ether as an anesthetic (1846). * * * …   Universalium

  • Morton, William Thomas Green — ▪ American surgeon born Aug. 9, 1819, Charlton, Mass., U.S. died July 15, 1868, New York City       American dental surgeon who in 1846 gave the first successful public demonstration of ether anesthesia (anesthetic) during surgery. He is credited …   Universalium

  • Morton , William Thomas Green — (1819–1868) American dentist Morton, who was born the son of a small farmer and village shopkeeper in Charlton City, Massachusetts, is believed to have trained as a dentist at the Baltimore College of Dentistry. After a brief partnership with… …   Scientists

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  • William T.G. Morton — William Thomas Green Morton William Thomas Green Morton (* 9. August 1819 in Charlton, Massachusetts; † 15. Juli 1868 in New York) war ein US amerikanischer Zahnarzt und Wegbereiter des Einsatzes der Narkose in Chirurgie und Zahnheilkunde. Er war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Morton — Morton1 [môrt′ n] n. [orig. surname & place name < OE Mor tun < mor, a swamp, MOOR1 + tun,TOWN] a masculine name: dim. Mort, Morty Morton2 [môrt′ n] 1. Ferdinand Joseph (born Ferdinand Joseph Lamothe) 1890 1941; U.S. jazz pianist & composer …   English World dictionary

  • William T. G. Morton — Infobox Scientist name = William Thomas Green Morton box width = image width =150px caption = birth date = August 9, 1819 birth place = Charlton, Massachusetts death date = July 15, 1868 death place = New York City spouse = Elizabeth Whitman… …   Wikipedia

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